is a Termite?
Termites are insects from the order Isoptera and
they are very social wood eaters. There are two
basic types of termites, those that live entirely
in wood, and those that can tunnel into the ground.
Dry wood termites can be very serious pests that
infest buildings, houses, furniture and damage
lumber. Subterranean termites that inhabit the
soil can be very serious structural pests when
it comes to maintaining the structural integrity
of a house. Soil inhabiting termites can also
be serious pests in rangelands, tropical forests
and tropical agriculture. Thankfully 90% of termite
species may be considered highly beneficial because
of their unique ecological role of breaking down
fibrous wood; Plus by turning, aerating and enriching
the soil they providing food and harborage for
many other forms of life. Flying ants and swarming
termites with wings are often difficult to tell
How Closely Related are Termites to Ants?
Ants (Camponotus pennsylvanicus), this goes for
many other ant species, have a segment of their
population known in the reproductive stage which
are winged-like winged termite reproductives that
infests and damages wood structures. Ants share
the same insect order with bees and wasps, the
Hymenoptera Order. Termites belong to their own
insect order, the Isoptera Order. The termites
of Africa and Australia are known for constructing
huge mounds, or "termitaria", which
provide temperature and humidity control of their
environment so they can live and thrive.
How Large is a Termite Colony?
Some African and Australian termite colonies contain
more than 3 million individuals. On a separate
note, the largest termite in the world, the African
species Macrotermes bellicosus, reaches a length
of 5 inches.
Insect has the Largest Nest?
Termites have the biggest nests. The largest termite
mound, found in Australia was 6.1 meters across
at the base. The tallest termite mound, found
in Africa, was 12.8 meters high, however it was
only 3 meters across.