What is the Smallest Insect?
smallest insects are fairy flies, which are insects
that parasitize other insects' eggs by laying
their eggs inside them. Fairy flies are only 1/5
of a millimeter in length. Many beetles are less
than one millimetre in length, and the North American
Feather-winged Beetle Nanosella fungi, at 0.25mm,
is a serious contender for the title of smallest
insect in the world. Other insect orders which
contain extremely small members are the Diptera
(True Flies) and the Collembola (Springtails).
The "feather-winged" beetles and the
"battledore-wing fairy flies" are smaller
than some species of protozoa (single cell creatures).
Megaphragma caribea a hymenopteran parasite from
Guadeloupe, measuring out at a huge 0.17 mm long
is in contention for the smallest insect.
What is the Smallest Winged Insect?
The Tanzanian parasitic Wasp comes in as the smallest
winged insect with a wingspan of 0.2 millimeters.
Fast can Insects Fly?
The male deer bot fly is reputed to develop flying
speeds of up to several hundred miles per hour,
but this may be just an exaggeration. The tabanid
fly, which is related to horse flies, has been
clocked in at 90 miles per hour. Hawkmoths, from
the Sphingidae family, have been timed at a a
solid 33 miles per hour. A horsefly (Hybomitra
hinei wrighti) was recently clocked at 145 km/h!
Dragonflies of the Anax parthenope species have
been clocked in at almost 18 miles per hour. Honeybees
fly at about a moderate 7 miles per hour, and
have to beat their wings 190 times per second
to do it. Speeds vary amongst butterfly species
(for some reason the poisonous varieties are slower
than non-poisonous ones). The fastest butterflies
(skippers) can fly at about 30 miles per hour
or more. Slow flying butterflies fly at only 5
mph. Insect airspeed is affected by mass, size,
age, gender, feeding, water content, activity
type, temperature, humidity, solar radiation,
wind, oxygen level, ascent angle and even habitat
isolation. More research needs to be done in order
to determine the fastest insect.
How Fast can Insects Flap their Wings?
with the fastest wing beating frequency are the
no-see-ums (very tiny midges) which beat their
hairy wings 1,046 times per second, or 62,000
beats per minute, the record holder for an animal
with the fastest fluttering wings. Male mosquitoes
don't even come close with wings that beat 450
to 600 times per second. Cabbageworm butterflies
are perhaps the slowest with wings that beat only
9 times per second.
Which Insects are the Fastest Runners?
As you may have guesses the fastest runners in
the insect world are cockroaches, which can move
almost one foot per second - translating to a
little over 3 mph or 50 body lengths per second.
This would be equivalent to a human sprinter running
the 100 yard dash in 1 second or approximately
200MPH! The fastest Caterpillar comes from the
Mother-of-Pearl Moth (Pleurotya ruralisat); It
has a defense reflex where it can roll away at
enormous speeds of up to 15 inches per second!
How Far can Insects Jump?
Fleas jump 200 times their body length, proportionate
to a human clearing a 70-story building. Grasshoppers
jump 80 times their length, akin to a human jumping
1 1/2 football field lengths. Inch long Flea beetles
can jump up to 2 feet, like a human jumping over
15 cars. And a 1/2 inch Click beetle can catapult
itself about 1 foot.